Begrippenlijst

Begrippenlijst
A-ScaleA weighting filter often applied to decibel ratings to emphasise the characteristics of human hearing at low frequencies, written dBA or dB(A).
Accredited Construction DetailsAccredited construction details are details of junctions at openings and at junctions between elements (such as wall/floor junction) that are designed to minimise thermal bridging and air leakage.
Air InfiltrationAir ingress into a building through cracks or gaps.
BIM (Building Information Modelling)BIM is de afkorting voor Building Information Modelling. BIM is defined as 'The shared use of structured data' within the design, construction (or retrofit), operations / maintenance and deconstruction of a building. BIM enables those who interact with the building to optimise their actions, resulting in a greater whole life value for the asset.
Blown WoolLoose mineral wool insulation applied by blowing, usually into cavity walls or lofts.
BR443BR443 (2006) edition - There are various standards dealing with the calculation of U-values of building elements. The conventions provide guidance on the use of the standards, indicating the methods of calculation that are appropriate for different construction types, providing additional information about using the methods, and providing data relevant to typical UK constructions.
Breather MembraneA breather membrane repels water that penetrates an outer cladding material but is permeable to water vapour escaping from the structure. It is defined as a material with a vapour resistance between 0.1 and 2.0 MNs/g, although the norm is for breather membranes to have a maximum vapour resistance of 0.6 MNs/g.
BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) is een gerenommeerd instrument om integraal de duurzaamheid van nieuwe en bestaande gebouwen, gebieden en sloopprojecten te meten en te beoordelen. BREEAM is een internationaal erkend keurmerk dat inzoomt op negen verschillende duurzaamheidscategorieën. Beoordelingen worden gegeven door gelicenseerde auditors. De eindclassificering kan zijn: voldoende, goed, zeer goed, excellent of uitmuntend.

BS 6946Provides the method of calculation of the thermal resistance and thermal transmittance of building components and building elements.
BS EN ISO 10211BS EN ISO 10211 sets out the specifications for a three-dimensional and a two-dimensional geometrical model of a thermal bridge for the numerical calculation of heat flows, in order to assess the overall heat loss from a building or part of it, and minimum surface temperatures, in order to assess the risk of surface condensation.
Cavity TrayA damp-proof membrane or pre-formed tray crossing the cavity of a wall at interruptions in the cavity. Rises from the outside of the cavity upwards at least 150mm
Cavity WallA wall, normally external, comprising an inner and outer leaf with a space between the two.
CEN

De Europese Commissie voor Standaardisatie (CEN) is een van de drie Europese Standaardisatie Organisaties (samen met CENELEC en ETSI) die officieel erkend worden door de Europese Unie en de Europese Vrije Handelsorganisatie (EFTA) als verantwoordelijke voor de ontwikkeling van vrijwillige standaarden op Europees niveau.

CEN biedt een platform voor de ontwikkeling van Europese Standaarden en andere technische documentatie met betrekking tot allerlei producten, materialen, diensten en processen.

CEN 442 WG4CEN 442 WG4 is the working group which is tasked with agreeing data dictionaries and standards for BIM.
COBieConstruction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie) is a non-proprietary data format for the publication of a subset of building information models (BIM) focused on delivering asset data as distinct from geometric information.
CondensatieWanneer waterdamp vanuit de lucht in contact komt met een koud vlak dan condenseert de damp tegen dit koudere oppervlak.  
ConductionThe transmission of heat through, along or from one material to another material in contact with it.
ConvectionThe transfer of heat by movement of air.
DauwpuntDe berekende temperatuur waarbij waterdamp condenseert.
Di-isocyanatesAn isocyanate that has two isocyanate groups is known as a di-isocyanate. Di-isocyanates are manufactured for reactions with polyols in the production of polyurethanes.
DurapakThe high strength polypropylene packaging applied to most Knauf Insulation roll products
ECOSE® TechnologyECOSE Technology is een revolutionair bindmiddel, zonder toegevoegde formaldehyde, dat door Knauf Insulation gebruikt wordt in haar productie van glaswol en minerale wol. Het is gebaseerd op duurzame, plantaardige grondstoffen in plaats van de standaard petrochemische chemicaliën. Er wordt bij de productie met ECOSE Technology maar liefst 70% minder energie verbruikt dan met standaard bindmiddelen die gebaseerd zijn op formaldehyde. Dat maakt ons isolatiemateriaal extra milieuvriendelijk. 
Embodies EnergyEmbodied energy is the energy consumed by all of the processes associated with the production of a building, from the sourcing of raw materials and processing of those materials, to manufacturing, transport and product delivery.
EmissivityEmissivity is a measure of the radiation emitted from a surface. 'Black bodies' (materials with matt black surfaces) have a high emissivity & emit large amounts of radiation. In contrast shiny surfaces, such as polished aluminium, have a low emissivity. This characteristic can be exploited in buildings by providing aluminium foil facings on insulation materials, facing out towards cavities to reduce the radiated heat loss. Matt black has a typical emissivity of 0.95, compared to 0.08 for polished aluminium. But most building surfaces, even white painted surfaces, have high emissivities, of around 0.90 to 0.95.
Energy Saving Trust (EST)A non-profit making company set up by Government and the major energy companies. Its purpose is to work through partnerships towards the sustainable and efficient use of energy in the domestic and small business sectors.
Environmental Product Declaration

Een Milieuproductverklaring (EPD) is het milieutechnische equivalent van een technisch productblad. Voor al onze producten worden lifecycle analyses (LCA's) uitgevoerd. Hierin wordt bepaald welke impact de producten hebben op het milieu. Zo kunnen we voorop blijven lopen in milieubewustzijn van onze producten en activiteiten. Elke LCA resulteert in een volledige milieuproductverklaring (EPD) die helpt om te bepalen welke impact het gebruik van de producten heeft binnen de respectievelijke gebouwtoepassing. 

De relevante standaard voor EPD's is ISO 14025, waarin ze omschreven worden als zgn. "type III environmental declarations". 

FiberisationThe manufacturing process of turining molten raw material (e.g. for insulation; glass or stone) into fibres.
Fire-resistanceThe ability of an element of structure to maintain its stability for a specific period of time as determined by the use and size of the building
Fire-resistance: heat transmissionContains flames and inflammable gas for a short period of time, but does not prevent the transmission of heat to the other side of the construction (example: wired glass).
Flanking transmissionThe transmission of sound into an area via an indirect route (e.g. between an upper and lower floor via common walls)
Frequency of soundThe frequency of sound is measured in Hz (hertz). The higher the value, the lighter the tone (bass - treble). The frequency of speech lies primarily between 125 and 8000 Hz, while audible sound lies between 20 and 20 000 Hz.
GlaswolGlaswol wordt gemaakt uit zand en gerecycled glas, kalksteen en natriumcarbonaat. Dit zijn dezelfde grondstoffen als voor de productie van vensterglas of glazen flessen. Het glas wordt gesponnen om zo miljoenen fijne strengetjes wol te vormen. Deze worden vervolgens tot rollen en platen gevormd of als los product verzameld. Het zo gevormde product wordt met een hars besproeid om de wol te binden en zo een mat te vormen. Deze mat wordt vervolgens uitgehard in een oven en op maat gesneden en verpakt als rollen of platen die het eindproduct vormen. De losse glaswol wordt verpakt in balen en ter plaatse in het bouwelement (bijv. een spouwmuur) ingeblazen. 
Global Warming PotentialA measure of how the manufacturing process of a product contributes to global warming.
GordingConstructiedeel van hout, om schuine daken te ondersteunen. Gordingen lopen horizontaal in de dakconstructie in tegenstelling tot sporen die verticaal lopen. 
Green GuideThe Green Guide, which is part of BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method), is a guide provided for specifiers covering the environmental performance and impact of a wide range of building materials and components. The data is set out in an A+ to E ranking system, where A+ represents the best environmental performance/least environmental impact, and E the worst environmental performance/most environmental impact.
HEAT3HEAT3 is a computer program used for assessing three-dimensional transient and steady-state heat transfer.
Home Energy Efficiency Scheme (HEES)Designed to tackle fuel poverty among the most vulnerable by providing grants for comprehensive packages of insulation and heating improvements.
I-BeamTimber beam or steel girder constructed so that, in cross-section, it resembles a capital letter 'I'.
IFCIndustry Foundation Class (IFC) is een platform-neutrale specificatie van een open bestandsformaat. Deze specificatie wordt niet beheerd door een enkele leverancier of groep van leveranciers. Het is een op objecten gebaseerd bestandsformaat met een datamodel ontwikkeld door buildingSMART (voorheen de International Alliance for Interoperability, IAI) om interoperabiliteit in de architectuur-, engineering- en bouwindustrie te faciliteren. IFC is een veelgebruikte samenwerkingsvorm voor BIM- gebaseerde projecten. BIM staat voor Building Information modellering
Impact SoundSound transmitted between two areas by direct impact upon the dividing element (e.g. sound of footsteps on an internal floor)
Internal FloorAny internal floor that is not a 'Separating Floor'
Internal WallAn internal wall is defined by the Building Regulations as a wall between a bedroom or room containing a W.C. and other rooms.
Interstitial condensationInterstitial condensation is condensation that occurs within a building element. It can be very harmful if interstitial condensation occurs on surfaces within the structure, as this can lead to the rot of timber or oxidation of metal surfaces, and other problems. There are many instances when condensation can form on the surface or interface of two materials without causing problems i.e. the cavity side of an external brick or block leaf.
JoistHorizontal structural element often used to support floorboards and celings.
KelvinAn absolute temperature scale in which the temperature intervals correspond to those of the Celsius scale and the freezing point of water is 273 Kelvin (written 273K). When referring to temperatures on the Kelvin scale, refer to "Kelvin" and not "degrees Kelvin". Zero Kelvin (0K) is known as "absolute zero".
LCALife-cycle assessment or life-cycle analysis (LCA), is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with the stages of a products life from cradle through to grave.
LEEDLeadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), is a building certification programme designed to assess the environmental impact of a building. It includes a set of rating systems for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings, homes, and neighbourhoods. Projects pursuing LEED certification earn points across several areas that address sustainability issues. Based on the number of points achieved, a project then receives one of four LEED rating levels: Certified, Silver, Gold and Platinum.
m²K/Wm2K/W is de eenheid waarin de thermische weerstand (Rd) van een materiaal of constructiedeel wordt weergegeven. 
MWADe Mineral Wool Association Benelux (MWA) is in 1987 opgericht als samenwerkingsverband van Nederlandse en Belgische producenten van glaswol en steenwol, ook wel minerale wol genoemd. Met behulp van onderzoek en publicaties maakt MWA zich sterk voor thermisch isoleren in het algemeen en isoleren met minerale wol in het bijzonder. Knauf Insulation is lid van de MWA.
Noise Reduction Coefficient (NRC)Een getalswaarde voor geluidsabsorptie, derived as the mean value of 4 frequencies in the range 250-2000 Hz.
Notional DwellingThe notional dwelling is the benchmark against which energy saving is assessed. The reference values to be used are set out in Appendix R1 of SAP.
Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP)A relative index indicating the extent to which a chemical product may cause ozone depletion.
Party WallSee 'Separating Wall'
Polyisocyanurateolyisocyanurate, also referred to as PIR, polyiso, or ISO, is a thermoset plastic typically produced as a foam and used as rigid thermal insulation. Its chemistry is similar to polyurethane (PUR) except that the proportion of methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) is higher and a polyester-derived polyol is used in the reaction instead of a polyether polyol. Catalysts and additives used in PIR formulations also differ from those used in PUR. The reaction of MDI and polyol takes place at higher temperatures compared with the reaction temperature for the manufacture of PUR.
Polyurethane

Polyurethane (PUR en PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.

Polyurethaan polymeren are traditionally and most commonly formed by reacting a di-or polyisocyanate with a polyol. Both the isocyanates and polyols used to make polyurethanes contain, on average, two or more functional groups per molecule.

Product Data TemplateA product data template is a structured ‘questionnaire’ for each construction product type that sets out groups of ‘properties’ that manufacturers have to fill in as ‘values’ in order to provide their data to the supply chain in a way consistent with BIM Level 2. 
Psi valuesPsi values (W/mK) are used to calculate the Y value (W/m²K) for use in the SAP 2009 calculator for the effect of none repeating thermal bridges. Accredited construction details and associated Psi values for a new build design are available from the Planning Portal web site.
RadiationThe process by which heat is emitted from a body through open space, for example, sunlight.
RdSAPReduced Data SAP (RDSAP) is as a lower cost method of assessing the energy performance of existing dwellings. The Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) is the methodology used by the government to assess and compare the energy and environmental performance of dwellings. SAP was developed by the Building Research Establishment (BRE). The SAP methodology is based on the BRE Domestic Energy Model (BREDEM), which provides a framework for calculating the energy consumption of dwellings.
RVT 
SAP (Standard Assessment Procedure)This is the Government's Standard Assessment Procedure. It is the calculation method that must be used for calculating the carbon emission rate for dwellings. It calculates the energy requirement for heating, hot water, ventilation and internal lighting for the dwelling. As well as producing a SAP rating, on a scale from 1-100, it also gives the carbon emission rate in terms of kg/m²/yr.
SDSEen Safety Data Sheet (SDS), ook wel veiligheidsinformatieblad genoemd, is een gestructureerd document met informatie over de risico's en aanbevelingen voor het veilig gebruik van Knauf Insulation isolatieproducten op het werk. We hebben voor al onze isolatiematerialen een Safety Data Sheet (SDS) dat je kunt downloaden via deze website. 
Separating floorsA separating floor is defined by the Building Regulations as a floor separating one dwelling from another.
Separating wallA separating wall is defined by the Building Regulations as a wall separating one dwelling from another.
SoffitThe underside of any construction element, but commonly used to decribe the area below a roof overhang or exposed floor (e.g. an outside, multi-storey carpark).
Sound AbsorptionSound energy converted into mechanical vibration energy and/or heat energy. Sound absorption is usually expressed as a sound absorption coefficient.
Sound InsulationThe ability of a building element or building structure to reduce the sound transmission through it. The sound insulation is measured at different frequencies, normally 100-4000 Hz. Airborne sound insulation is expressed by a single value, Dn,c,w , Rw or R'w. Impact sound insulation is expressed by a single value Ln,w or L' n,w .
Sound Strength (dB)Measured in dB (deciBel). dB is measured at different frequencies.
StudA vertical framing element, usually timber or metal, used as part of the frame in a wall or partition.
SupakubeThe palletised, weatherproofed, compressed unit of delivery for most Knauf Insulation roll products. A Supakube normally contains 24 rolls of "Durapak"d insulation.
Surface resistanceSurface resistance (Rs) is the reciprocal of surface coefficient. Its units are m2/K/W.
Target Emission RateTarget CO2 emission rate - this is the energy performance target that must be achieved to comply with the requirements of Building Regulations. It is expressed in terms of kg/m²/yr. The TER is calculated using SAP software.
Target Fabric Energy EfficiencyA high, yet practical energy performance level for all new homes, which focuses on the dwellings fabric in order to ensure that energy efficiency plays a significant role in the delivery of low and zero carbon homes. Fabric energy efficiency limits are set in kWh/m2/yr.
TemperatureTemperature levels are commonly measured in degrees Celsius (°C) whereas temperature differences are measured in Kelvin (K). Each unit Celsius is the same size as each unit Kelvin, so that, if the outside temperature was 3°C and the internal temperature was 18°C the difference in temperature would be 15K. Note that the degree symbol ° is used with degrees Celsius but not with Kelvin.
The Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP)SAP is the Government's standard for home energy rating. SAP ratings provide a simple indicator of the efficiency of energy use for space and water heating in new and existing dwellings. SAP ratings are expressed on a scale of 1 (poor) to 120 (excellent).
Thermische brug

Een thermische brug (vaak koudebrug genoemd), is een plek in een gebouw waar een aanzienlijk hogere warmteoverdracht plaatsvindt dan bij de omringende materialen, hetgeen resulteert in een algehele vermindering van de thermische isolatie van het object of gebouw.

Een thermische brug beschrijft een situatie in een gebouw waar een directe verbinding bestaat tussen de binnen- en buitenkant door een of meer elementen die thermisch meer geleidend zijn dan de rest van de gebouwschil.

Thermal MassThe mass in a structure which is used to absorb solar heat during the day and then release the heat in the evening.
Thermal ModellingBuilding Regulations require that thermal bridging be taken into account in SAP and SBEM calculations. The junctions that need to be accounted for include wall-floor junctions, wall-roof junctions, lintels, jambs, cills, intermediate floors, balconies, corners, party walls and other significant junctions. Their effects are expressed in terms of Ψ-values, or linear thermal transmittance values, and, unless they are recognised accredited details, they should be evaluated using thermal simulation software through 'thermal modelling', following agreed conventions and standards.
Thermal ResistanceA measure of the thermal resistance of a particular thickness of material. It is measured in m2K/W and is equal to the thickness of the material (in metres) divided by the conductivity of that material. Surfaces and cavities also provide thermal resistance and there are standard figures for these resistances that must be taken into account when calculating U-values. The resistances of each material within an element are added together to determine the overall resistance of the element. The reciprocal of the overall resistance is the U-value.
Thermal ResistivityResistivity is a measure of a material's thermal resistance and is the reciprocal of its conductivity. It is a measure of the thermal characteristic of a material and is independent of its thickness.
Thermal TransmittenceThermal transmittance is the measure of the rate of heat loss of a building component. It is expressed as watts per square metre, per degree Kelvin (W/m²K) - more commonly known as the U-value. The U-value is calculated from the reciprocal of the combined thermal resistances of the materials in the element, air spaces and surfaces, also taking into account the effect of thermal bridges, air gaps and fixings.
U-value (thermal transmittance)Commonly known as the U-value, it is a measure of the rate of heat loss of a building component. It is expressed as watts per square metre, per degree Kelvin, W/m2K. The U-value is calculated from the reciprocal of the combined thermal resistances of the materials in the element , air spaces and surfaces, also taken into account is the effect of thermal bridges, air gaps and fixings.
Vapour control layerA vapour control layer is defined as a material that substantially reduces the water vapour transfer through a building element into which it is incorporated i.e. polythene sheet materials or foil backed plasterboard. Vapour control layers are sometimes required on the warm side of the insulation, to reduce the possible risk of interstitial condensation within the construction element.
Vapour permeable underlayerA vapour permeable underlay repels water that penetrates a roofing finish but is permeable to water vapour escaping from the structure. It is usually defined as a material with a vapour resistance of not more than 0.25MNs/g.
W/mKThermal conductivity (also known as Lambda) is the rate at which heat passes through a material, measured in watts per square metre of surface area for a temperature gradient of one kelvin for every metre thickness. This is then expressed as W/mK.
W/m²KIs the metric used to express a U-value which is the metric used to express thermal transmittance.
WarmtegeleidingDe snelheid waarmee warmte wordt doorgelaten door een materiaal, gemeten in watt per vierkante meter oppervlak voor een temperatuurgradiënt van één Kelvin per meter dikte, vereenvoudigd tot W /mK.
WarmteverliesWarmteoverdracht van interne ruimten naar buiten door geleiding, convectie en straling.